- There are various causes that may lead to hair loss. Hair loss causes may range from hair shaft breakage to a decrease in the growth of hair. Androgenetic kind of hair loss may be found in both men and women but it found more dramatically in men. You may also find anaemia, thyroid diseases, protein deficiency and low vitamin levels in the body or effects of chemotherapy to be among several hair loss causes.
The clinical term for hair loss in both men and women is alopecia. Alopecia Areata is a type of hair loss that is brought about by the autoimmune damage of the hair follicles in certain localized skin areas. It has to be appreciated that in many cases, hair loss cannot be associated with any systemic or an internal disease and it may not also be linked to poor nutrition or diet. Hair may become thin at any time in our lives as a direct result of some predetermined and genetic factors and the natural aging process.
Most men and women observe mild kind of physiologic thinning of their hair during their thirties and forties. The causes for hair thinning may be attributed to various vicissitudes in life and they could include emotional trauma, severe illness, deprivation of protein, hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty or menopause. It has also been observed that miscellaneous health conditions that include iron deficiency anaemia and thyroid diseases may result in hair loss. It is a well-known fact that chemotherapy for treating cancer and various other immunosuppressive drugs can commonly result in hair loss.
- There are various ways of categorizing hair loss in both men and women. The scalp is examined generally to determine if hair loss is a result of physical damage and loss in hair follicles. This condition usually leads to a scarring form of alopecia. In such a condition, the follicles get permanently destroyed. When the scalp seems normal with many empty hair follicles, such a condition is known as non-scarring hair loss. This is seen in situations where there is a chemical or physical change involved with damage to the hair shafts, resulting in damage or breakage.
Hair Loss Causes for Men
Male baldness patterns may result from genetics and a family history of baldness. Studies have shown that male pattern baldness is linked to male sex hormones that are referred to as androgens. It has also been found that baldness may be a result of severe conditions like cancers, heavy prescription medications, anabolic steroids and thyroid conditions.
Men generally have a patchy type of hair loss. Certain conditions result in smaller areas of hair loss while others have an impact on larger areas of the scalp. Alopecia Areata is the common kind of baldness which ends up with a small and circular patch of scalp baldness in the size of a coin.
The most extensive kind among hair loss causes for men is alopecia total. In such a condition, the complete scalp will go bald. In Alopecia Areata, you may find hair loss on various other parts of your body such as the eyebrows or the beard. This is an autoimmune type of a condition where the body tends to attack its hair follicles.
Tinea capitis is a clinical term for fungal infection of the hair and it mostly affects men. It is commonly found in African regions. In such cases, bald spots generally indicate broken off hair and this is usually accompanied by dermatitis. It has been found that sharing of combs or hats may easily transmit this condition that results in hair loss among men.
Hair Loss Causes for Women
Women lose anywhere from fifty to hundred strands of hair every day. On a day when women wash their hair, they can even lose up to two hundred and fifty strands. The earliest symptoms when women can notice hair loss is when there is a clump of hair on their pillows when they wake up every morning.
There is a vast range of conditions that can bring about hair losses for women. Some of the common causes are pregnancy, anaemia and thyroid disorders. Other causes may include polycystic ovary syndrome, autoimmune diseases, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis. There is a link between menopause and hair loss. When women take too much of Vitamin A, they could experience severe hair loss. This is not all as many things that women do nowadays can affect their hair loss and this may include manipulation of their hair by putting various colours and dyes, chemical treatments, poor blow dryers, bad brushes and flat iron rollers. All such things lead to breakage and damage of hair follicles. Hair loss is also possible when women brush their hair excessively or dry their hair with a towel by rubbing vigorously when their hair is wet.
A common condition for hair loss in women is traction alopecia which ends up with thinning of hair from forming tight ponytails or braids. Traction alopecia also results in hair loss among women. This is caused by persistent and repetitive traction or pulling on the roots of the hair. Tight ponytails or braids can make your hair fall out faster. It is always wiser for females to select those hairstyles that have lesser tension on their hair so that permanent damage is avoided. Hair patches in trichotillomania indicate hairs that are broken off impulsively.
How is stress responsible for hair loss in both men and women?
Nervous and impulsive habits such as hair pulling or twisting and scalp rubbing may also lead to hair loss for women. These habits may be a direct result of psychological stress in certain types of people, leading to hair loss. For example, hair pulling in excessive form may be a kind of impulse control disorder and it is clinically known as trichotillomania.
It has been discovered that there is a definite correlation between stress and hair loss in both men and women. Physical and emotional stress can be linked with hair loss. Physical stress may include recuperation from a surgery or a serious kind of ailment. Both physical and emotional stress may be responsible for inducing hormonal changes that affect hair loss. In the case of women, hormonal changes may be brought about by physical and emotional stress post changes in states of pregnancy or while taking oral contraceptives or being victims of thyroid disturbances.